Are you wondering what exactly each speech therapy or language therapy service is that we offer?  We know it can get a bit confusing.  Below is a brief description of each type of speech and language service should your child or family member need therapy in one or more of our treatment areas.  The disorders and impairments listed can be seen in people of all ages, genders, and ethnicities.  Both children and adults can have speech and language disorders.  These disorders can occur as a result of a medical condition, be developmental, or have no known cause.  If you feel like your family member needs assistance in regard to any of the speech therapy or language therapy areas, contact us and we can start the process that will transform their communication.  We welcome questions, so please do not hesitate to contact us!

Pediatric Speech Therapy
Pediatric Speech Therapy
Pediatric Speech Therapy



A speech sound disorder occurs when there are mistakes on speech sounds that cause speech intelligibility problems.  Speech sounds develop around certain ages, but if errors on continue past a developmentlly appropriate age it is said to be disordered or impaired.  This includes problems with articulation of specific sounds and/or phonological processes (which occurs when groups of sounds within patterns are all difficult to produce.  For example saying /k/ and /g/ as a /t/ and /d/ or not being able to say the last sound in all words).





Apraxia of speech has to do with problems sequecing and saying sounds, syllables, and words. This is not because of a muscle weakness or paralysis. The brain has difficulty planning the body part movements (e.g., lips, jaw, tongue) needed for speech. The person knows what he or she wants to say, but his/her coordination of the muscle movements necessary to say those words is impaired.


Expressive language is the ability to produce language.  There are many different areas of expressive language that can be affected by an impairment, but some may be having trouble:

  • Asking questions

  • Naming objects

  • Using gestures more than words

  • Putting words together into sentences

  • Learning songs and rhymes

  • Using correct pronouns, like "he" or "they", and other grammar errors

  • Using vocabulary correctly

  • Explaining things in a logical way.




Receptive language is the ability to undertstand language.  There are many different areas of receptive language that can be affected by an impairment, but some may be having trouble:

  • Understanding what gestures mean

  • Following directions

  • Answering questions

  • Identifying objects and pictures

  • Understanding written or verbally presented information

  • With comprehension skills.




Social language is known as pragmatics. Social language/pragmatics involves three major communication skills:

  • Using language for different purposes, such as greeting, informing, demanding, promising, and requesting

  • Changing language according to the needs of a listener or situation, such as talking differently to a baby than an adult, giving background information to an unfamiliar listener, or speaking differently in a classroom verses a playground

  • Following rules for conversations and storytelling, such as taking turns, introducing and remaining on topic, rephrasing when misunderstood, non-verbal language, and eye contact.





Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), also referred to as assistive technology, is communication by means other than verbalization.  People with severe speech or language problems can rely on AAC to supplement existing speech or replace speech that is not functional.  Special augmentative aids, such as picture and symbol communication icons or boards, communication books, and electronic devices, are available to help people express themselves.  This may increase social interaction, school performance, and feelings of self-worth.


Phonological awareness deficits involve difficulty with the manipulation of sounds within words. Deficits in phonological awareness affect literacy. They include such tasks as being able to rhyme, understand syllable awareness, and to segment and blend syllables and sounds of words. These skills are needed to be able to decode for reading. Comprehension is understanding what you read. It includes, to only mention a few language based skills, understanding vocabulary, grammar, sequencing, inferences, predictions, etc.



*Most Information for this page was obtained from the American Speech Langauge Hearing Association website*